do research on and present a report about the media systems and media of ireland.
Your report should be no longer than four pages double-spaced (NOT including the reference list), in 12-point typeface. It should have seven parts:
- Basic information about the country: Please share basic information about the capital, surrounding countries, area (in square miles or square kilometers), population, life expectancy, languages, literacy rate, form of government and economy of your country. You can find this by clicking on your region and then your country in the CIA World Factbook (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
- News media system and ownership: After providing basic information on the country, please begin your paper by explaining what type of news media system you think your country has, drawing on the lecture about Four Theories of the Press and the Hallin and Mancini conception of media systems. Please note that most people think the Four Theories of the Press conceptions are a bit outdated, so consider where your country might fit in the Hallin and Mancini system. You should be able to cover this material in a paragraph or two.
- News media freedom/journalists’ safety: This section should report the sort of data you have seen in introductory lectures in the regional modules of this course on the overall freedom of the country (which you can learn about from Freedom House (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or Human Rights Watch (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.), the media freedom rating of the country (which you can learn about on the website of Reporters Without Borders (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.) and what dangers, if any, journalists face in the country, which you can learn about from organizations such as the Committee to Protect Journalists (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. or by doing basic online searches. This section should include information about any recent attacks on press freedom or journalists. For some of you this section will be very long, because press freedom and journalists’ safety are severely threatened in the country you are studying. For others, this section will be very short because your country is a democracy that respects free expression and provides a safe working environment for journalists. Even in democracies, however, there occasionally are incidents of police seizing journalists’ cameras or legislatures passing laws that threaten freedom of information. So be on the lookout for such information.
- Public media: Many countries have at least a publicly owned broadcaster, and some have either publicly owned print media or print media that receive government subsidies. Please share what you can find out about public media in your country. Please consider whether those media are truly “public,” serving all the residents or citizens of a country, or are what are sometimes referred to as “state broadcasters,” serving the party in power in the country.
- Barriers to media development: Next, please discuss what barriers, if any, there are to media development in your country, drawing on material from the lecture in Module 5. What factors have hindered
- Profiles of at least three news media outlets in the country: These MUST include a national wire service/news agency if there is one. (No student should mention the Associated Press, which is based in the U.S.). In addition, you can include a national or capital city-based newspaper, a news magazine, a TV or radio broadcaster or an online-only news site (such as HuffPost).
- 7. Current issues in the country’s news media: In this section of the paper, please discuss any controversies related to media that are currently going on in your country. This is also where you can discuss what makes the news media in your country different from those in other countries. Does your country face constraints on media development, in the form of geography, a low literacy rate, etc.? Is there a close tie, a la Italy and Silvio Berlusconi, between the news media and government? Are news media in your country overtly partisan, linked to one political party or the other? Do the news media have some unusual history?
- News media audiences: In this section, please try to explain whether news media audiences are declining, growing or staying stable in your country. Are some types of media growing, while others are declining? If there are changes, why are they happening? Can you tell us anything about news media consumption in your country compared with news media consumption in the U.S.? (This information may be more difficult to find in countries with fewer financial resources. Many countries, however, have a bureau of circulation that tracks newspaper and magazine circulation. In many countries, the news media also write, at least occasionally, about the audience for journalism.)
- A reference list that shows where the information you found came from. This reference list must include at least six sources, none of which may be Wikipedia.
How to start your report
Please start your report with the following basic information about the country you studied. It should look something like the example below.
Media Systems and Media of Belgium
By Your Name
Bordered by: France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands
Population: 10.34 million (2014) Life expectancy at birth: 78.4 years
Languages: Flemish (a form of Dutch, about 60 percent), French (about 40 percent), German (less than 1 percent)
Literacy rate: 98 percent
Form of government: constitutional monarchy, with the king and chief of state and a prime minister appointed by the king and approved by Parliament as the head of the government.
Economy: In 2013, about 8 percent of the workforce was unemployed. In 2009, about 4 percent of the population lived below the poverty line. (CIA, 2014)
Sources and citing information you use
Your report must have at least six sources, none of which may be Wikipedia. (To be clear, Wikipedia isn’t always a bad source but it’s a bad source enough of the time that you shouldn’t rely on it as more than a place to start research.) You should use American Psychological Association (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. style, which uses in-text citations to direct readers to the sources of facts and paraphrased material (Smith, 2014) as well as direct quotations, which include a page number (Jones, 2012, pp. 25-26). In-text citations start with the last name of the author, followed by a comma and the year of publication (and, if the citation follows a direct quotation, the page numbers on which the quoted words were found, preceded by either “p.” or, for a quote that started on one page and ends on another, “pp.”) If no author is listed for the text you are referring to, use the title before the year of publication, like this: (A big idea for the cosmos, 2014).