As the treasurer of a US-based manufacturing company, your task is to forecast the direction
of interest rates. You plan to borrow funds and may use the forecast of interest rates to
determine whether you should obtain a loan with a fixed interest rate or a floating interest
rate. The following information can be considered when assessing the future direction of
Economic growth has been high over the last two years, but you expect that it will be
stagnant over the next year.
Inflation has been 3 percent over each of the last few years, and you expect that it will
be about the same over the next year.
The federal government has announced major cuts in its spending, which should have
a major impact on the budget deficit.
The Federal Reserve is not expected to affect the existing supply of loanable funds
over the next year.
The overall level of savings by households is not expected to change.
Given the preceding information, determine how the demand for and the supply of loanable
funds would be affected, and determine the future direction of U.S. interest rates.
You can obtain a one-year loan at a fixed-rate of 8 percent or a floating-rate loan that is
currently at 8 percent but would be revised every month in accordance with general interest
rate movements. Which type of loan is more appropriate based on the information provided?
Assume that U.K. interest rates have abruptly risen just as you have completed your forecast
of future U.S. interest rates. Consequently, U.S. interest rates are now 2 percentage points
above U.S. interest rates. How might this specific situation place pressure on U.S. interest
rates? Considering this situation along with the other information provided, would you
change your forecast of the future direction of U.S. interest rates?