Week 3 Class 318 Reply 100 Words To Forum Post Week 3: General Hazmat Knowledge

Reply 100 words to the instructor for asking me this on my 250 words post class 318:


When you stated, “82 cases were brought up by ground handling employees that accounts for approximately 66% of the cases,” what do you account for the number 66%?

Dr H

Reply 100 words to student Amy 250 words post class 318:

Hello Class,

A.  After reading through all the fines. I recognized some patterns and with those patterns I created my analysis. I first noticed how many of the fines were related to undeclared or miss labeled boxes. Not declared or not labeled material was the fault in 8 of 126 fines or 6.3%. I next noticed who discovered the fault. 77 out of 126 fines were discovered by the ground handlers that is equal to 61% of the time. The cause for majority of the discoveries was leaking. 72 out of 126 fines were discovered through leaking that equals 57%. The final thing I noticed was the carrier or at what sorting facility the fault was discovered at. 30 of 126 fines or 23.8% were discovered at Fedex and 47 of 126 fines or 37.3% were discovered at a UPS facility.

B. The Department of Transportation outline products that can not be shipped air or that can not be shipped with a passenger flight. Out of 126 fines the following were related to company owned material or COMAT. Oxygen generators were the fault in 12 of 126 fines or 9.5%. Batteries were the fault in 8 of 126 fines or 6.3%. Paints or Stains were the fault in 20 of 126 fines or 15.9%. These materials have to be properly label and declared before they are transported to ensure they are properly taken care of.

C. Training is a great way to mitigate the risks of shipping hazardous material. Threatening fines and jail time does not prevent the mistakes it only terrorizes the workers making it harder to find works. Ways companies can provide training is through a weekly meeting. Weekly reviews will allow the workers to remain active in the care of hazardous material. If workers do not handle hazardous material everyday it can be easy to forget the regulations. Also having an annual in depth training will help give employees the information they need. Posters and regulation books near the area of packaging will allow workers to information when they have a questions. Also having a hazardous material manager who is a subject expert can help watch over the process and check paper to ensure no risks are being taken.


Reply 100 words to student brian 250 words post class 318:

Good morning class,

This week we are analyzing the FAA (Federal Aviation Administrations) press release. It points out 126 different times there was a hazardous material transportation violation between March 2000 and February 2003 with fines over 50,000 dollars. When looking at the fines that were issued, 70% of the violations that were identified came from ground personal that were handling the packages. The employees were able to spot the issue due to stains on the packages. Leaking packages made up about 55% of the fine that were issued. Flammable materials where a significant portion of the fines that were found to be leaking or improperly packaged. These leaking packages accounted for 53% of the 126 violations or 42% of the total violations.

Not lets talk about company owned material or COMAT. COMAT stands for Air Carrier Company Materials and is any item that is on an air plane such as aircraft batteries, escape slides, life rafts, oxygen bottles, refrigerant and uranium. These items will be found on passenger and cargo planes. Dealing with any type of  hazmat, there must be proper training. Companies should provide their employee with the general awareness, function specific, label recognition and safety. When an employee does the training, they should have something placed into their personal file. It might be a challenge getting everyone trained and it might be expensive, but ensuring the employees are properly trained is worth the time and money. People should also have to get retained every couple of years, to refresh them on everything and to put out new information. The instructors that are teaching, should also do follow ups to ensure what was taught is being put to use and can answer and new question people might have.


Reply 100 words to student dustin 250 words post class 318:

Hello Class,

I just finished reading the report of FAA fines consisting of 126 reported violations. I decided to conduct my analysis on the types of fines either being discovered by a particular person or a particular hazmat violation either leaking. I learned that of the 126 fines discovered 78 of them were due to leaking or leaked packages. This means 62% of the violations were due to leaking hazmat packages and violations. 13 of 126 of the packages consisted of some type of generators which are hazardous and have to be declared in the shipment. This means 10% of the packages consisted of an oxygen generator that was improperly declared or damaged, unmarked, or improperly packaged. I also noticed that 28 of the shipments that were fined, 28 of 126 were discovered at a FEDEX resulting in 22% of the fines, and 53 of 126 of the packages fines were discovered by UPS resulting in 42% of the fines. 49 of 126 violations happened in the year 2000 and 41 of 126 were discovered in 2001 and also 28 in 2002. The reason I conducted this analysis is because the violations did decrease as the years when on especially in 2002. This could be unrelated but it seems the that violations are decreasing due to hazmat regulation awareness and rules guide lining the shipment of hazardous materials (Jaffin, 2008).

Comat is the Company Materials in an airline and its supporting contractors that have material that are not part of the manifest as freight.  A large portion of these materials are required to be regulated as hazardous. The US Department of Transportation’s Hazardous Materials Regulation 49 CFR covers the COMET and describes the proper labeling, marking, handling, storage, and security of these materials. These materials can consist of aircraft batteries, escape slides / life rafts, fire bottles, fire extinguishers, fuel, hydraulic fluid reservoirs, uranium, oxygen bottles, oxygen generators, refrigerant, tritium signs, life vests, first aid kits, auxiliary power units, and so much more. These materials must be properly regulated and handled and it is the responsibility of the airline to ensure and determine whether these items are dangerous hazmat and require regulations, security, storage, and labeling. COMAT materials is only approved for FAA Approved hazardous materials and must be an approved program (IS YOUR COMAT SAFE TO FLY?, n.d).

The training required to work around hazmat varies depending on a person’s position and responsibilities. I think the discussion title is exactly right that the right training does not always go to the right people. I believe if we work to bring awareness to everyone this will help to prevent many violations of hazmat shipments. I can use my own personal experiences as an example. I am the environmental officer at my work and many of the people I support are not aware of things that cannot be thrown away in general trash because of they are hazardous. I have had to correct individuals before in throwing away tires, televisions, construction materials, paints, and even batteries. It goes the same for the FAA as many people seem not to understand these materials can be hazardous. The FAA uses training such as general familiarization and specific function training. They train on label recognition, safety, and employee training records. These things can help to educate and make everyone aware of hazardous materials to help outline solutions and mitigate violations.

Thanks for reading,

Very Respectfully,


Jaffin, R., D. (2008). FAA PRESS RELEASES UNDER A DESIGNATED PROGRAM. Retrieved August 21, 2018, from https://edge.apus.edu/access/content/group/376149/FAA fines /FAAPRESSRELEASES2008.doc

IS YOUR COMAT SAFE TO FLY? (n.d.). Retrieved August 21, 2018, from https://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/ash/ash_programs/hazmat/aircarrier_info/media/COMAT.pdf

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